What to Do if Eyes Hurt?

What to Do if Eyes Hurt?

When do you need to go to the doctor urgently?

Go to an appointment with an optometrist as soon as possible or, depending on how you feel, call an ambulance if:

  1. Acute pain occurred immediately after you polished metal or performed another action that could drive a sharp foreign body into your eye.
  2. Severe pain was the result of trauma. For example, you stumbled upon a hard object or hit a socket in the eye.
  3. Pain is accompanied by blurred vision and/or increased sensitivity to light, as well as visual distortions — for example, you see rainbow circles around light sources. These may be glaucoma symptoms. — irreversible disease-causing optic atrophy.
  4. In addition to pain, you experience nausea and vomiting...
  5. Shortly before the onset of pain, you underwent an ophthalmic surgery.
  6. The injured eye not only hurts but also turns red, something stands out from it.
  7. The pain is severe, arose suddenly, and at the same time at the screening examinations earlier the ophthalmologist already assumed that you had a risk of developing glaucoma.
  8. It’s difficult for you to move the affected eye or you cannot keep it open.

One and moreover, several symptoms are enough to immediately contact a doctor: there is a risk of quickly losing sight.

Fortunately, situations requiring emergency medical care are not so common. In most cases, eye pain has less dangerous causes. Which, however, should not be tolerated either...

Why do my eyes hurt and what to do about it?

1. Muscle tension

This is one of the most common reasons. Perhaps you are too long and actively peering at the screen of a laptop or smartphone, working with papers too long or having to keep your eyes on some object in the distance. In this case, the muscles responsible for the work of the eye are constantly in the same tense position. They accumulate lactic acid, and it turns into pain.

What to do?

First of all — remember that your eyes also need rest. Working with documents or «sticky» in gadgets, do not forget to at least once an hour and a half take a break for 5–10 minutes. Gymnastics for the eyes will effectively relieve muscle tension: it is enough to perform exercises at least once a day.

2. Refusal of points

Many people lose their sight with age, but not everyone is able to recognize this moment in time. Myopia or farsightedness, not adjusted by glasses or lenses, again makes the eye muscle strain. And for this, it is not even necessary to work with documents or a computer. Just look at the world around you...

What to do?

Check your vision regularly (at least once a year). If necessary, select glasses or contact lenses with an ophthalmologist.

3. Dryness of the cornea

The cornea is the outer transparent membrane of the eye. This is an amazing tissue: there are no blood vessels in it, and tears give it nutrients and oxygen. 

While the cornea is washed with a sufficient amount of tear fluid, everything is in order. But if moisture is not enough, the shell becomes uneasy. It lacks oxygen and nutrition and suffers, and we feel pain, burning eye pain.

Doctors call this condition dry eye syndrome. Various reasons can cause it. Maybe:

  • Too dry air. As a result, the tear fluid evaporates, not having time to give the necessary.
  • You are too focused and forget to blink. This often happens when working with gadgets...
  • You are taking medications that change the composition of the tear film, which makes it dry faster. These medicines include some antidepressants and oral contraceptives...
  • You wear contact lenses every day.
  • You have a chronic disease (condition) that affects the composition of the tear fluid. This, for example, diabetes, menopause, blepharitis (chronic inflammation of the eyelids).

What to do?

First of all, install a humidifier in the room where you spend most of the day. Learn to be distracted from gadgets to blink properly and regularly.

If pain and burning in the eyes still make themselves felt, be sure to visit an ophthalmologist. The doctor will analyze your health, lifestyle, medications and other factors and give recommendations that will reduce the dryness of the cornea. For example, prescribe drops with an artificial tear.

4. Sinusitis

Drawing pain behind and above the eyes against the background of sinusitis, frontal sinusitis, or other types of sinusitis (inflammation of the paranasal sinuses) — a natural phenomenon. The infection causes swelling of the mucous membranes, they press on the eyeballs from the inside, causing soreness.

What to do?

Treat sinusitis. Naturally, under the supervision of a therapist.

5. Corneal burn (photokeratitis)

Pain, burning, a feeling of sand in the eyes may appear after a day spent on a sunny beach or a snowy slope. Well, or after you dare to look at the welding.

What to do?

Unpleasant sensations pass quickly enough by themselves. For the future: be sure to wear dark glasses when going out in the sun and do not neglect safety rules when welding.

6. Abrasions, scratches, foreign bodies on the cornea

A gust of wind easily brings dust, dirt, tiny extraneous particles into your eyes. They can leave abrasions, scratches on the cornea or stick to it for a while, causing painful sensations that become more pronounced when blinking.

What to do?

Most abrasions and scratches heal on their own within a day or two, and foreign particles are washed away as quickly with tear fluid. To speed up this process, try rinsing your eyes with clean water or drops with an artificial tear.

But if the soreness lasts longer than a couple of days, you need to consult an ophthalmologist: there is a risk that an infection develops in the eye.

7. Eye infections

Depending on what it inflamed, eye infections are divided into:

  • blepharitis — inflammation of the eyelid;
  • keratitis — corneal inflammation;
  • conjunctivitis — inflammation of the conjunctiva (protein);
  • iritis — inflammation of the iris;
  • endophthalmitis — inflammation of the inside of the eye.

These conditions cause viruses, bacteria, fungus, which enter the visual organ either from the outside (through the smallest scratches) or with a bloodstream from the inside.

What to do?

The infection is accompanied not only by pain but also by itching, lacrimation, redness and swelling of the affected eye (or both), purulent discharge. If you suspect inflammation, consult a doctor as soon as possible. Self-medication is dangerous!

8. Neuritis of the optic nerve

This is called inflammation of the nerve, which transfers information from the eyeball directly to the brain. Optic neuritis — one of the most common causes of sudden visual impairment in young and middle age. It often accompanies the development of multiple sclerosis.

The pain of this type increases with the movement of the eyes from side to side. In addition, it is necessarily accompanied by a decrease in vision and impaired perception of colors...

What to do?

Contact an ophthalmologist more often. With timely treatment, neuritis can be defeated, and vision can be restored almost completely.