Why do Metabolic Disorders Occur and What to do With Them?
If you get tired quickly, forget everything and lose your hair, you may have metabolic problems...
We think about metabolism mainly when it is not possible to lose weight. And for the most part, we worry only about its speed. Slow — bad, extra kilograms start from it. Fast — fine: eat and lose weight!
Meanwhile metabolism — the process is far more complicated than it seems. It is described not only by speed but also by the quality...
How does metabolism work?
General metabolism — it is a combination of Physico-chemical processes by which the body turns food into energy necessary for life.
In more detail, the process looks something like this. Food consists of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, trace elements, and minerals. These substances are broken down by enzymes in the digestive system, enter the bloodstream and with its help are transferred to each cell of the body.
Cells respond to a signal «Dinner is served», they open, pass the necessary nutrition, with the help of oxygen they burn (oxidize) it, and in the process they get energy. It is it that allows the cells to function, and the body as a whole — breathe, move, think, live.
That's not all. As a result of oxidation, decay products are formed in the cell: carbon dioxide, water, lactic acid, various salts. All of them return to the blood, and that transports them to the organs of the excretory system: liver, kidneys, lungs…
This is how normal metabolism works...
What is a metabolic disorder?
This is a failure at any stage of metabolism. For example, the digestive system may lack enzymes to break down food and provide nutrition to the bloodstream. Or there may be too little oxygen in the blood, causing the cells to not be able to oxidize the nutrients and get the right amount of energy. Or maybe the cells to which the blood brings food will not accept it. Or, suppose, they do not completely remove decay products and begin to poison themselves.
Violation Options — hundreds. With any of them, the cells receive too little or too much of those or other substances. And this seriously affects their performance, and in the end — on our well-being and health.
How to recognize metabolic disorders?
The human body is very sensitive to any metabolic disorders. Lack of nutrition or excess decay products affects the cells of all organs and tissues, including the brain, nerve endings, muscles, heart and blood vessels, skin, liver, endocrine glands and so on. In addition, it affects the production of hormones that control processes throughout the body. Therefore, the symptoms can be very different: from constant cravings for sweets to diseases of the internal organs.
Nevertheless, it is still possible to assume metabolic disorders even at the initial stage.Here are the most common symptoms:
- fast fatiguability;
- chronic fatigue;
- menstrual irregularities in women;
- causeless weight gain or loss;
- impaired memory and cognitive ability;
- deterioration of the skin (the appearance of acne and irritation) and nails, brittleness and hair loss;
- cardiac arrhythmia, pressure surges;
- mood swings;
- persistent constipation or diarrhea;
- frequent urination;
- the low or high temperature that lasts a long time.
Individually, each of these symptoms may have its own non-metabolic rationale. But if you observe several symptoms at once, you need to contact a therapist as soon as possible.
Exchange violations are not necessarily something terrible: they are often easily corrected. But there are times when disruptions indicate the development of a serious illness, such as diabetes. It is important not to miss this signal...
Why does metabolic disorder occur?Here is a list of the most common causes of metabolic failure:
- Genetic predisposition. Perhaps your body does not initially produce certain enzymes necessary for proper digestion. Or incorrectly removes decay products from cells. Or maybe certain foods damage the villi in the intestines, preventing them from passing digested food into the blood (for example, gluten intolerance is based on this mechanism).
- Age. Years change the hormonal balance. For example, during menopause for women, estrogen production decreases. This causes metabolic problems...
- Parasites. Worms and pathogens disrupt the process of converting food into energy.
- Nervous strain. Stress — frequent provocateurs of metabolic disorders.
- Bad habits. In particular, alcohol and smoking abuse or a passion for a sedentary lifestyle.
- Diet or irregular diet. They can trigger hypoglycemia. — a condition characterized by constantly low blood sugar, which also affects metabolism.
- Some past illnesses, including viral — flu, measles, chickenpox.
- Medication, e.g. oral contraceptives.
What to do if you have a metabolic disorder?
The main thing — Do not diagnose yourself. Only the therapist can establish that your metabolism really failed. To do this, he will look at your medical record, ask about your lifestyle, changes in your well-being and appearance, and offer to take tests. Depending on the results, the doctor may send you to an endocrinologist or another specialized specialist.
If the cause of metabolic disorders lies in the disease of an organ or a genetic predisposition, a treatment regimen should be made by a professional, taking into account your individual characteristics.
If metabolic disorders are not related to genetics and diseases, they can be corrected independently...
For these purposes, the therapist will recommend that you make some lifestyle changes:
- Make sure your diet is complete. Vegetables, fruits, meat, and dairy products will help you maintain the right balance of nutrients.
- Eat regularly. Breakfast, lunch, dinner, a couple of snacks in between.
- Refuse fast food and convenience foods. They force us to accumulate adipose tissue, which, in turn, affects the hormonal background and, as a result, the metabolism as a whole.
- Move more. If you don’t have time for the gym, at least start to climb the stairs, rather than the elevator, and walk as much as possible on weekends.
By the way, the same list of events — effective prevention of metabolic disorders.