Why Does My Back Hurt and What Should I Do?
In most cases, pain is not dangerous. But there are symptoms that cannot be ignored...
When do you need to call an ambulance for back pain?
Seek emergency medical attention if:
- Your back is very sore, and this condition is accompanied by a high fever.
- You suspect that acute back pain is related to a recent fall, hit, or another injury.
- Back pain gets worse after eating or when you go to the toilet.
Any of these symptoms can be associated with serious, life-threatening damage to the internal organs. So don't be afraid to overdo.
When do you need to go to the doctor with back pain quickly?
If there are no threatening signs, analyze the nature, duration of the pain, and also compare them with your age and lifestyle. Be sure to report discomfort to the therapist if:
- It hurts you even when you lie down and take the most comfortable posture.
- Your back keeps you awake at night.
- In addition to pain, you notice weakness and/or numbness in the legs or arms.
- Unpleasant sensations make themselves felt for weeks.
- Pain accompanied by weight loss.
- You are over 50 years old.
- You have osteoporosis.
- You have previously been treated for any kind of cancer.
- You use steroids.
- You drink or take drugs.
These signs, both together in any combination, or individually say that there may be problems with your spine or internal organs.
The most common pathologies — malignant tumor, fracture, horsetail syndrome (the so-called damage to the nerve bundle extending from the lower spinal cord) or infection, not necessarily the spine, but, for example, the kidneys or urinary tract.
The doctor will prescribe additional examinations and, if necessary, will treat the underlying disease.
Why does my back hurt?
Suppose you have no dangerous symptoms, but your back hurts anyway — stabs, shoots, aching, sore. Doctors honestly admit that they can not always determine what exactly leads to pain. Here are five common reasons.1. Muscle load
The most obvious case: you lifted something heavy, your back muscles (most often your lower back) strained, there was a spasm.
The case is less obvious, but just as popular: you just sat too much. When you sit, for example, in front of a computer, it is the back muscles that hold the bulk of the body. And if the seat drags on, they might overstrain.
By the way, that’s why physiologists recommend sitting in a chair as deep as possible, leaning on back to prevent rounding of the spine.2. Herniated intervertebral disc
This is another scourge of those who lead a sedentary lifestyle. Often, sitting in an armchair or chair, we stoop. Due to the rounding of the lower back, the load on the intervertebral disc increases by 10–eleven times.
Over time, the vertebrae are pressed closer to each other, and the discs between them are flattened and begin to protrude beyond the spinal column. So there is a hernia.
Its side effect — compression of nerve endings and back pain.3. Cold
You cough and/or sneeze, and these movements are quite sharp and can also cause strain or stretching of the back muscles.4. Myalgia
This is the general name for muscle pain, including back pain. Dozens of factors can cause muscle pain, including hypothermia and prolonged stress...
If you have nervous work, and besides, you are busy with it in an office chair and under air conditioning, your chances of making back pain increase.5. Scoliosis
The curvature of the spine in either direction also increases the load on the back muscles and can lead to pain.
What to do if your back hurts?
In any case, it is worth consulting a therapist: suddenly you lose sight of some important symptom. But on the whole, modern medicine suggests that you can get rid of back pain in simple home-based ways.1. Do not stop moving
It used to be that bed rest helps with back pain. But now it’s known that people who remain active recover faster.2. Do simple exercises for your back.
For example, these. Among other things, such training will strengthen your muscles and help them withstand the load. This will reduce the risk of back pain in the future...3. Take pain medication
Advice for those who feel pain is too exhausting. Ibuprofen will reduce discomfort.4. Be an optimist
This will help you relax and distract from thoughts of pain. In addition, optimism allows you to overcome stress. So, you will also get rid of muscle spasms caused by it faster...