Why Does Hair Fall Out and What to Do?

Why Does Hair Fall Out and What to Do?

Maybe stress or lack of vitamins is to blame. Or maybe you are seriously ill.

Hair loss — this is normal. Each of us daily loses from 50 up to 100 hair This is a pretty impressive bunch, but it should not be alarming.

It’s another matter when you comb every time there is a tuft of frightening sizes or, even worse, bald patches appear on your head. 

1. You do not have enough protein

Lack of protein in the diet — a sure way to make your hair thin and brittle, slow down your growth and begin to fall out.

With a sedentary lifestyle, at least 1.2 g of protein per kilogram of weight should be eaten per day. If you are in sports, this value rises to 1.6–2 g.

What to do?

Analyze your eating habits and, if necessary, add low-fat meat, dairy products, and other protein foods to the diet.

2. Your body is low in iron

Iron deficiency is very common. It has a lot of symptoms, including unmotivated fatigue, apathy, brittle nails, hair loss. You are definitely at risk if you are fond of vegetarianism or seek to limit the amount of meat in your diet.

What to do?

If you observe at least a couple of signs of iron deficiency, anemia, consult your physician and have a blood test done. Depending on the results of the study, a specialist will advise you to adjust the diet by adding iron-containing products to it or prescribe the necessary medications.

3. Your vitamins are out of balance

A lack of vitamins B and D or an excess of vitamins A and E can lead to certain changes in the body. One of the symptoms of this — severe hair loss.

What to do?

As in the previous case, the visit to the therapist would be the best solution. He will prescribe tests that will help determine the shortage or excess of vital vitamins in your body, and then prescribe the necessary vitamin supplements or advise on how to adjust your diet.

4. You are too active with hair

Love for curling, ironing, drying with a hot hairdryer, hot oil masks, as well as weaving tight braids — a common cause of hair problems. With constant use, all these procedures can damage both the hair itself, causing them to break off at the roots, and hair follicles.

What to do?

Avoid hair traumatic procedures. Try to use a conditioner after every hair wash.

5. You are experiencing prolonged stress.

Clarification of relations with the boss or a small scandal in the minibus certainly will not make your hair fall out actively. In this case, we are talking about chronic psychological stress.

Maybe you are experiencing the loss or illness of a loved one. Maybe a family member, colleague or boss presses you every day. Unfortunately, there are enough options, and in any case, chronic stress does not lead to anything good. Hair loss is one of the most harmless symptoms...

What to do?

Experts of the famous American Mayo Clinic assure that it is enough to get rid of stress so that the hair condition returns to normal. Find ways to reduce emotional distress. Fortunately, there are many. If you can’t cope on your own, consult a psychotherapist.

6. You have experienced a serious physical shock

Fracture, surgery, car accident, and sometimes even severe flu can result in hair loss. Physical stress causes the bulbs to go into the prolapsed phase. As a rule, this effect becomes noticeable after 3–6 months after an injury.

What to do?

Wait. Hair will be restored at the same time as the body.

7. You lost too much weight

Physiologists view sudden weight loss as a form of serious physical shock. And if a severe diet led to a decrease in body weight, then most likely your body has also received fewer vitamins and nutrients with corresponding consequences for hair.

Hair loss along with marked weight loss can be a sign of eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia.

What to do?

Normalize the diet or (if weight loss has become a pleasant consequence of a healthy lifestyle) just wait for the body to get used to the new weight.

8. You just recently became a mom

Hair loss in women after pregnancy is a very common occurrence. Up to 50% of women face it. During pregnancy, the body has an increased level of estrogen, which, among other things, has one curious feature: it accelerates hair growth and makes the hairs stick more firmly to the hair follicles. It is for this reason that expectant mothers often find a luxurious head of hair, which at least in advertising.

However, after childbirth, estrogen levels drop. A freshly baked mother begins to lose not only the usual number of hair but also those that should have been lost during pregnancy. And it looks menacing.

What to do?

Just wait. Hair loss, as a rule, begins a month after the birth and ends in 4–5 months. When your baby is six months old, you will again have normal hair.

9. Your hormonal background changes

Pregnancy and childbirth — a special case of such a change. Also, menopause, older than 50 years, often leads to hair loss,  polycystic ovary syndrome and even the banal rejection of birth control pills. Due to a sharp drop in the level of female hormones, androgen receptors on the scalp are activated. They cause the hair follicles to decrease in size, the life span of the hair is shortened, and the hair is thinning.

What to do?

The problem is solved by normalizing the hormonal background. Talk to your doctor about this...

10. You have thyroid problems

If the gland produces too much (called hyperthyroidism) or too little (hypothyroidism) hormones, this affects the condition of the hair follicles. Their life cycle is shortened, and they begin to fall out more actively than ever. This usually occurs a few months after the onset of the disease...

In addition, some thyroid medications can also cause increased hair loss...

What to do?

Treat the underlying disease. To do this, contact your endocrinologist. Doctors will prescribe you a series of blood tests, the results of which will become clear what is happening with your thyroid gland and how to improve your condition. Note: solving a problem may even require surgery.

11. You are taking certain medications

In addition to drugs for the thyroid gland, medications to lower blood pressure, some antidepressants, and even ibuprofen often lead to hair loss.

What to do?

Carefully read the instructions for the drug that you started taking shortly before the onset of hair problems. If hair loss is found in the list of side effects, contact your doctor. Perhaps he will choose an alternative.

12. You are a man

Two out of three men over 60 years old, face hair loss. But some of this unpleasant process affects much earlier...

The combination of genes and male sex hormones is to blame. Most often, it looks like this: the first bald patches form above the temples, the hairline begins to resemble the letter M. Then the process progresses, affecting the area above the forehead and crown.

What to do?

There are creams and pills that help, if not restore the hair, then significantly slow down their loss. Talk to your dermatologist about this...

13. You have an autoimmune disease

Sometimes, the hair follicles begin to seem like foreign objects to a dysfunctional immune system. And immunity attacks them, causing focal hair loss (alopecia).

What to do?

Unfortunately, often it’s not just about hair. Immunity can attack other organs and tissues. Therefore, if you notice that your hair began to fall out severely, and even more so if it came to the formation of bald patches, it is extremely important to contact a therapist as soon as possible. If necessary, he will give you direction to narrow-profile specialists...

14. You are undergoing chemotherapy

Medicines that can defeat cancer are most often aggressive in relation to hair. The point is as follows. Chemotherapy aims to destroy rapidly dividing cells. That’s how cancers behave. But the hair cells also divide intensively and come under attack.

What to do?

To be treated and wait. After the chemotherapy is stopped, your hair will grow back and return to its normal state. True, they often come back with a different texture. For example, begin to curl or acquire a different color.

15. Do you take steroids

Athletes who want to build muscle are often guilty of this. Muscles may indeed increase in size. However, steroids have a serious hormonal effect on the body, hair follicles are damaged...

What to do?

To stop hair loss, just stop taking the drug.