12 Signs of Anxiety Disorder
Some disturbances in the work of the psyche pretend to be ordinary phenomena. Anxiety disorder refers to just such, but this does not mean that it should not be treated.
Anxiety — is an emotion that all people experience when they are nervous or afraid of something. Constantly be «on the nerves» it’s unpleasant, but what can you do if life is like this: there is always a reason for anxiety and fear, we must learn to keep our emotions under control, and everything will be fine. In most cases, this is the case.
But sometimes anxiety goes beyond reasonable limits and interferes with life. And this is an anxiety disorder — a condition that can ruin everything and that requires special treatment.
Why does anxiety disorder appear?
As in the case of most mental disorders, no one will say why anxiety clings to us: so far they know too little about the brain to speak confidently about the reasons. Most likely, several factors are to blame. — from ubiquitous genetics to traumatic experiences.
Someone's anxiety appears due to the excitement of certain parts of the brain, someone has naughty hormones — serotonin and norepinephrine, and someone gets a disorder in the load for other diseases, and not necessarily mental.
What is an anxiety disorder?
Anxiety disorders include several groups of diseases.
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder. This is the case when anxiety does not appear due to exams or the upcoming meeting with the parents of a loved one. Anxiety comes on its own, it does not need a reason, and the experiences are so strong that they do not allow a person to perform even simple everyday activities.
- Social Anxiety Disorder. Fear interferes with being among people. Someone is afraid of other people's ratings, someone — other people's actions. Be that as it may, it makes it difficult to study, work, even go to the store and say hello to neighbors.
- Panic disorder. People with this disease experience a bout of panic fear: they get so scared that sometimes they cannot take a step. The heart beats at a frantic speed, it darkens in the eyes, there is not enough air. These attacks can come at the most unexpected moment, and sometimes because of them, a person is afraid to leave the house.
- Phobias. When a person is afraid of something specific.
In addition, anxiety disorder is often found in combination with other problems: bipolar or obsessive-compulsive disorder or depression.
How to understand this disorder?
Main symptom — a constant feeling of anxiety, which lasts at least six months, provided that there are no reasons to be nervous or insignificant, and emotional reactions are disproportionately strong. This means that anxiety changes a life: you give up work, projects, walks, meetings or acquaintances, some activity just because you are too worried.Other symptoms that hint that something is wrong:
- constant fatigue;
- constant fear;
- inability to concentrate;
- inability to relax;
- trembling hands;
- palpitations, although there are no cardiac abnormalities;
- excessive sweating;
- pains in the head, stomach, muscles — despite the fact that doctors do not find any violations.
An exact test or analysis that can be used to identify anxiety disorder does not exist, because anxiety cannot be measured or touched. The diagnosis is made by a specialist who looks at all the symptoms and complaints.
Because of this, there is a temptation to go to extremes: either to diagnose a disorder when a black streak just begins in life or to ignore your condition and scold a limp character, when, out of fear, an attempt to go out turns into a feat.
Stress — this is a response to the stimulus. For example, to call a dissatisfied customer. When things change, stress goes away. And anxiety may remain — it is a body reaction that occurs even if there is no direct effect. For example, when an incoming call comes from a regular customer who is happy with everything, and it’s still scary to pick up the phone. If the alarm is so strong that any phone call — this is torture, then this is an upset.
No need to hide your head in the sand and pretend that everything is fine when constant voltage interferes with life.
If a person shares his fears, he will likely get advice to pull himself together and not sag, then an offer to find a good doctor. The trouble is that overcoming the disorder with powerful volitional effort will not work, nor can you cure tuberculosis with meditation.
How to treat anxiety?
Constant anxiety is treated, like other mental disorders. For this, there are specialist psychotherapists who, contrary to popular myths, do not just talk with patients about a difficult childhood, but help to find such techniques and techniques that truly improve the condition.
Someone will feel better after a few conversations, someone will help pharmacology. Your doctor will help you reconsider your lifestyle, find the reasons why you are nervous a lot, evaluate how severe your symptoms are and whether you need to take medications.
If you still think you don’t need a therapist, try taming the alarm yourself.1. Find the reason
Analyze why you worry more and more often and try to exclude this factor from life. Anxiety — is a natural mechanism that is needed for our security. We are afraid of something dangerous that could harm us.
Maybe if you are constantly shaking with fear of bosses, is it better to change jobs and relax? If you succeed, it means that your anxiety is not caused by a disorder, nothing needs to be treated — live and enjoy life. But if you can’t isolate the cause of the concern, then it’s better to seek help.2. Exercise regularly
There are many blind spots in the treatment of mental disorders, but researchers agree on one thing: regular exercise really helps keep the mind in order.3. Let the brain rest
The best thing — sleep. Only in a dream does the brain overwhelmed with fears relax, and you get a break.4. Learn to slow down your imagination
Anxiety — it is a reaction to what did not happen. This is a fear of what can only happen. In fact, anxiety is only in our heads and is completely irrational. Why is it important? Because countering anxiety — it's not calm, but reality.
For example, to occupy the head and hands with work or sports.5. Stop smoking and drinking.
When the body is already messy, shaking the fragile balance with substances that affect the brain is at least illogical.6. Learn relaxation techniques
There is a rule «the bigger, the better». Learn breathing exercises, look for relaxing yoga poses, try music, drink chamomile tea or use lavender essential oil in the room. All in a row, until you find a few options that will help you.